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Surgery

Surgery is the major specialization in the medical field, where the surgeon performs operational and other invasive techniques on the patient. The indications of surgery are a lot many. Surgical procedures are being done as a part of the diagnostic procedure, for treating pathology, for cosmetic reasons, for rehabilitation, and in general to improve the functioning of the body. Surgeries are invasive procedures that compulsorily require sterile environment and equipments. The specialists who perform surgery include medical practitioners, veterinary surgeons and the dentists. Surgical procedure is performed in an operation room which is aseptic and the staff wears sterile gowns. The patient will be given local or general anesthesia depending on the extent of the lesion and the type of surgery. The length of the procedure varies from case to case. In ancient period, Sushrutha, an ayurvedic surgeon in India was famous for doing all types of surgical procedures including cosmetic surgery.